Carmenere (also known as Médoc, Grande Vidure, Carméneyre, Carmenelle, Cabernelle, Bouton) is a grape variety used to produce deep red wines, and occasionally used for blending purposes. As a member of the Cabernet family, the name originates from the French word for crimson, referring to the brilliant crimson colour of autumn foliage. Carmenere favours a long growing season in moderate-to-warm climates. During harvest time and the winter period, this vine fares poorly if it is introduced to high levels of rainfall. Carmenere has similar qualities and characteristics to the Merlot variety, however it must be harvested slightly later.