Pauillac is situated at the heart of the Medoc vineyards between Saint-Julien and Saint-Estephe. For a long time Pauillac was a commercial port by which the wines of neighbouring appellations were exported. The reputation of Pauillac relies heavily on its exceptional soil, due to the area's proximity to the Gironde estuary. Its remarkable gravel deposits mixed with aeolean sands result in optimal draining conditions. Arguably, Pauillac is regarded as the most prestigious appellation of Bordeaux. Of the 60 Medoc wines in the 1855 Classification, 18 crus classés were classified within the Pauillac AOC, including the famous two 1st Classified Growths - Château Lafite Rothschild and Château Latour. Château Mouton Rothschild joined the duo in 1973 after Edmond de Rothschild finally obtained a partial revision of the historical classification. Over 65% of the region is planted to Cabernet Sauvignon along with some Merlot and Cabernet Franc. Pauillac wines are full-blown and powerful yet beautifully balanced in structure. The ageing potential of wine is generally between 10 and 20 years which result in aromas of blackcurrant and cedar.