St Emilion is situated at the top of steep limestone slopes, however more than half of the regions vineyards are located on the plain between the town and the Dordogne River. Officially classified in 1954, the St Emilion appellation dates back to 1938, making it one of Bourdeaux’s oldest. It is also one of the largest appellations in Bourdeaux, producing more wine than Listrac, Moulis, St Estèphe, Pauillac, St Julien and Margaux put together. The permitted grape varieties match those allowed elsewhere in Bordeaux, namely the Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Carmenère and Malbec. Saint Emilion wines are considered the most robust of the Bordeaux – generous, very coloured, and reach maturity quicker than other red Bordeaux.