Paarl is another of the Cape’s historic towns where wine has been made for centuries. The Paarl wine district lies to the north of Stellenbosch, and is bordered by the town of Wellington to the north east with the mountains of the Groot and Klein Drakenstein, and the Franschhoek ranges to the south east. There are three main types of soil in the Paarl wine district: the sandy soil of Table Mountain sandstone; the granite soil on the mountain slopes around Paarl; and Malmesbury shale to the northeast of the region. Traditionally a white wine region, however Paarl has now become known as the ‘Red Route’ as its Mediterranean climate and terroirs are more suited to red wine production. Indeed, Cabernet Sauvignon, Port and Shiraz wines have secured Paarl's place on the global wine map having received a number of international awards. Having said this, Chenin Blanc, Pinotage blends, and varieties such as Viognier and Mourvèdre have also been known to produce some prize-winning wines.